Commelina. ACIAR Monograph No. Weed control in the forest nursery with CFNP (MO-500). Budd GD; Thomas PEL; Allison JCS, 1979. The leaves are fleshy, bright green; the lamina is little hairy or … The world's worst weeds. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. Classificação científica Reino: Plantae Divisão: Magnoliophyta Classe: Liliopsida Ordem: Commelinales Família: Commelinaceae Género: Commelina Espécies Ver texto Commelina L. é um género botânico pertencente à família Commelinaceae. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Status: Not Native, FACW (DEP) , FACW (NWPL) , T (WAP) This is a form of a monochasium where the lateral branches arise alternately on opposite sides of the false axis. "Honohono" refers to the alternating structure of the leaves. Lorenzi H, 1982. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp. Bibliographic References. Further advances to the nomenclatural, taxonomic and geographic knowledge of the New World Commelina (Commelinaceae): toward a continental treatment Phytotaxa 400: 89-122. [2] The leaf surface can be either glabrous (i.e. The stems are supple frequently touching the soil and developing root at the nodes. status of Commelina diffusa. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. It can be found throughout much of southern China, specifically in the provinces of Guangdong, southwestern Guangxi, southwestern Guizhou, Hainan, southeastern Xizang and southeastern Yunnan. At least one publication lists it as an edible plant in New Guinea. A blue dye is also extracted from the flower for paints. 4. Rice Journal, 77(7):31-32, Stamps RH, 1993. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. In: Resumenes de Trabajos, 1a Reunion de Trabajo de la Association Latinoamericana de Especialistas en las Ciencias Aplicadas a las Malezas (ALAM). C. diffusa is commonly found in moist fields, along ditches, on waste land and under bamboo, on soils rich in clay or humus, from sea-level up to 2000 m altitude. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 391 pp. They contain five brown seeds that are 2 to 2.8, rarely up to 3.2 mm long, by 1.4 to 1.8 mm wide. Volume 3, Part 1 (Ed. Effect of weed control on the internally seed borne fungi in soybean seeds. Flora of China. APNI* . [2], The plant is present in tropical and subtropical locations worldwide. [3] The petals are blue, though may be lavender in rare cases. Commelina diffusa; Flower being visited by a pollinator in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, ChinaYunnan, China At least one publication lists it as an edible plant in New Guinea. Commelina diffusa . The stems are supple frequently touching the soil and developing root at the nodes . Santos et al. The membranous sepals are inconspicuous at only 3 to 4 mm in length. Alwmman RF; Neito HJ, 1971. Status: Not Native, FACW (DEP) , FACW (NWPL) , T (WAP) Commelina diffusa. Author. Commelina diffusa é uma espécie de planta com flor pertencente à família Commelinaceae. by Hutchinson, J. A new herbicide trial in a cacao plantation at the Station de Nkoemvone. Description: Perennial herb; stems prostrate and ascending, glabrous or almost so. and C. benghalensis L. as well as their biotypes, are perennial herbs of Neotropical origin which now have a pantropical distribution. by F.N. Description: Commelina diffusa, commonly known as Blue Commelina and also Native Wandering Jew, is a perennial prostrate herb of the family Commelinaceae native to moist forests and woodlands of eastern Australia, Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island. It has also been introduced to Hawaii, where it is a common and quickly spreading weed. gigas (Small)Faden: Common Name: CLIMBING DAYFLOWER: Plant Notes: Though apparently only confirmed as present in Florida so far, this taxon is thought to be an introduction from the Old World (Faden 1993; Hassemer 2018). bras. London, UK: Crown Agents. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. [3] North American populations tend to have smaller leaf size, typically measuring 1.5 to 5 cm, by 0.5 by 1.8 cm. Commelina benghalensis L. Vernacular names : Indonesia : - Description : 1. 13:22-25, Nakayama K, 1977. f. The description in efloras would tell the flowers are of the size of C. benghalensis. Commelina diffusa, sometimes known as the climbing dayflower or spreading dayflower, is a pantropical herbaceous plant in the dayflower family. This weed has gained high importance in peanut and cotton in the southern United States [78, 79]. There are two recognised varieties, one being the type and the other being C. diffusa var. Multimedia & Additional Resources. A autoridade científica da espécie é Burm.f., tendo sido … hairless) or hispid (i.e. The chromosome number is 2n = 30. 14. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Commelina diffusa . FIG. London, UK: Crown Agents. A Weed Identification Guide for Ethiopia. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the … Proceedings 27th Annual Meeting Southern Weed Science Society., 125. Commelina benghalensis is the most important of the three and it occurs as a weed in 25 different crops in 28 countries [27]. Value Class Food Publication. It spreads diffusely, creeping along the ground, branching heavily and rooting at the nodes, obtaining stem lengths up to 1 metre. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Holm L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Plucknett D L, 1979. f. – climbing dayflower Variety: Commelina diffusa Burm. minutely hispid) beneath. A guide to the recognition of more important arable weeds of crops., Harare, Zimbabwe: Agricultural Research Trust. spreading dayflower. Commelina diffusa. (2006) also described the occurrence of larvae and pupae of Agromyzidae member (Liriomyza commeliae) in Commelina diffusa. Distribution and biology. f. var. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. L 2. Clarke, the docs and the links I shared in another my recent thread will tell that it is exceedingly similar to C. diffusa Burm. [2] The upper cincinnus bears only male flowers and has a longer peduncle, while the lower cincinnus bears bisexual flowers on a shorter peduncle. Commelina benghalensis is a spreading, annual herb, which is sparsely and shortly pubescent, sometimes bearing subterranean runners with self-pollinating, reduced flowers and thin roots. East African Weeds and their Control. spreading dayflower. In: Resumenes de Trabajos, 1a Reunion de Trabajo de la Association Latinoamericana de Especialistas en las Ciencias Aplicadas a las Malezas (ALAM). A guide to the recognition of more important arable weeds of crops. Tropical Pest Management, 27(3):405-418. f. var. In: Proceedings 3rd Conference of the Asian-Paccific Weed Science Society, Kuala Lumpur No. xlix + 391 pp. f. The description in efloras would tell the flowers are of the size of C. benghalensis. C. diffusa is an annual species in temperate climates and is either an annual or perennial in tropical and subtropical climates. [2] It spreads diffusely, creeping along the ground, branching heavily and rooting at the nodes, obtaining stem lengths up to 1 metre. Vegetation regeneration, depth of germination and seed dormancy in Commelina benghalensis L. Rhodesia Journal of Agricultural Research, 17(2):151-154. The fruit is a three-celled capsule with five seeds and is 4-5 mm long. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. [2] [3] Pollens are elongated with bilateral symmetry, approximate size is 73 microns. Commelina diffusa Burm.f. Evaluation of several herbicide mixuters at different times in paddy rice in the Culiacan Valley, Sinaloa, Mexico. f., Fl. Herbicide trials in rice in Costa Rica. In China the plant is used medicinally as a febrifuge and a diuretic. Pritchard GH, 1971. Baker J B, 1977. Weeds of Brazil, terrestrial and aquatic, parasitic, poisonous and medicinal. In dayflower. Stebbins and Jain (1960) gave a detailed description of the structure and stomatal ontogeny in leaves of Commelina diffusa while Description: Commelina diffusa flowers from spring to fall and is most common in disturbed situations, moist places and forests. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. description. Description: Annual or perennial herbs; stems prostrate to erect. Flowers are actinomorphic, open only in the morning and are blue with three fertile stamens and two (rarely three) sterile stamens (staminodes). The flowers are arranged into cincinni (singular: cincinnus), or scorpioid cymes. Soybean herbicide experiments (a preliminary report). Journal of Environmental Horticulture, 11(2):93-95. In China the plant is used medicinally as a febrifuge and a diuretic. Effect of ten years' application with bromacil in citrus (Satsuma mandarin) orchard. Holm L G, Plucknett D L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, 1977. 6 (Special Issue No. Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais. General Information. Rice weed control studies (a preliminary report). Leaves alternate narrowly lanceolate to ovate, 1.5-8.5 cm long; basal sheaths up to 2.5 cm long, white ciliate at the apex. Commelina caroliniana, sometimes known as the Carolina dayflower, is an herbaceous plant in the dayflower family native to India and Bangladesh.Both the scientific name and the common name are misleading as the plant was described based on specimens found in the southeastern United States before it was known that the plant had in fact been introduced from India. [2], In China it can be found from sea level up to 2100 metres, and is typically associated with forests, thickets, stream banks and other open and humid habitats. Holm LG; Plucknett DL; Pancho JV; Herberger JP, 1977. Related Plants. 21 (1), 41-46. Compendium record. Inflorescence axillary, arising from within a conduplicate or funnel-shaped spathe; flowers few, pedicellate, in 1 or 2 short cymes, the upper one, when present, mostly 1-flowered and male. Commelina diffusa Burm. climbing dayflower. Type: Description: Download: Image: Leaves and flowers (1) 41KB: Image: Leaves and flowers (2) 58KB: General Information. Commelina cyanea R.Br. The upper cincinnus is generally exerted on specimens with larger spathes, but it may be included in specimens with smaller spathes. It generally grows in moist and/or shady habitats. The leafblades are relatively variable, ranging from lanceolate to ovate, with proximal leaves tending to be more oblong. Commelina diffusa, sometimes known as the climbing dayflower or spreading dayflower, is a pantropical herbaceous plant in the dayflower family.It has been introduced to the southeastern United States where it is most common in wet disturbed soils. In the Hawaiian Islands, it is known as "honohono grass", although it is technically not a grass. Especially in moist shady places, they spread easily by cuttings and seed and by rooting of their prostrate stems. diffusa – climbing dayflower Subordinate Taxa. [2][3] Flowering occurs from May to November. Inflorescences are subsessile spathes, clustered at apices of branches, obliquely fused, triangular, 10 × 15 mm; apex short, acute. , 2012. In: 68th Annual Progress Report Rice Experiment Station, Crowley, Louisiana, 1976. Alvarado MJ, 1971. f. – climbing dayflower Variety: Commelina diffusa Burm. Description The most comprehensive list of edible plants I've come across. Noltie HJ, 1994. In Africa and India the leaves and stems of Commelina benghalensis are chopped and cooked as vegetables and used as feed for livestock. Wilson AK, 1981. The fruit is a capsule which has three locules and 2 valves. Cafe Cacao The, 21(1):41-46. Nairobi, Kenya: Oxford University Press. 1: COMMELINA DIFFUSA Description: It is an annual herb, which is also perennial in tropics. 2. Commelina diffusa is typically an annual herb, though it may be perennial in the tropics. Value Class Food Cover; High: Average 25-50% of diet: Regular source of cover: Low: 5 … Commelina nudiflora auct. Brennan JPM, 1968. There are three free petals. anatomy of Commelina (Paula et al., 2010; Oladipo and Ayo-Ayinde, 2014) and their morphological attributes (Mahbubur Rahman et al., 2015; Jyoti and Krishna, 2009). Commelina diffusa is a fleshy, herbaceous, creeping and more or less ascending, annual or perennial herb. & Dalziel, J.M. 278 pp. 68th Annual Progress Report Rice Experiment Station, Crowley, Louisiana, 1976., 82-96. Stroud A; Parker C, 1989. ], Kuala Lumpur. Consequently, both species were exposed to the … More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Commelina diffusa Burm. The plant distributes dispersedly with heavy branches and slowly grows along the soil. 2010. In: 3rd Conference of the Asian-Pacific Weed Science Society. Description The most comprehensive list of edible plants I've come across. ), Second Edition (Ed. Petals usually clear blue, rarely pale blue or purplish. There are three free petals. They measure 3 to 12 cm in length by 0.8 to 3 c… 610 pp. Commelina is an alternative host of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita (Valdez, 1968), of the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus spp. Origin It is native to Asia, West Indies, including much of Puerto Rico and several of the Virgin Islands such … Manabe T; Ishii K, 1972. Especially in moist shady places, they spread easily by cuttings and seed and by rooting of their prostrate stems. Baker JB, 1977. Commelina benghalesis produces very attractive small flowers with deep ink-blue petals. 1768; C. longicaulis Jacq. Inflorescens bract (spathe) margin not connate. Ecological studies on the germination and emergence of annual weeds. Indica 18. Not for the casual reader., Commelina diffusa var. Scientific Name: Commelina L. (Commelinaceae) diffusa Burm.f. 1768; C. longicaulis Jacq. Not for the casual reader., Information about Commelina diffusa from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. Waterhouse D F, 1993. Value Class Food Hojas lanceoladas u ovado-lanceoladas, 2.5 6 cm de largo y 1 2 cm de ancho, generalmente obtusas en el ápice, redondeadas en la base, casi glabras. Holm LG; Pancho JV; Herberger JP; Plucknett DL, 1979. It is by far the largest genus of its family, Commelinaceae. They measure 3 to 12 cm in length by 0.8 to 3 cm in width. non. f., Fl. There are no related plants for species Commelina diffusa. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. f. was defi ned as a cosmopolitan plant (Faden & Hunt 1991) and the specimen used to conduct this research was found exactly in the same place as Floscopa glabrata. 22-50. Nova Odessa, Brazil: H. Lorenzi, 425 pp. Stroud A, Parker C, 1989. It generally grows in moist and/or shady habitats. Weed Research, Japan, No. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Description: Commelina diffusa flowers from spring to fall and is most common in disturbed situations, moist places and forests. Original citation: Terry and Micheika, 1987, Original citation: Castillo et al. 22-50. Rice weed control studies (a preliminary report). Monocot Weeds 3. Hepper), pp. Commelina diffusa is typically an annual herb, though it may be perennial in the tropics. Synonim : 1. [2] Flora of Bhutan., 3 (1) Edinburgh, Scotland: Royal Botanic Gardens. Castillo M; Garcia JG; Rodriquez F, 1971a. At least one publication lists it as an edible plant in New Guinea. (Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais.) f. and Floscopa glabrata (Kunth) Hassk. Perennes; tallos postrados a ascendentes, enraizando en los nudos. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Synonim : 1. Sancho EC; Chavarria PL; Garcia JG, 1971. Commelina diffusa is an annual, or more commonly perennial, prostrate to ascending, much branched herb that can grow 1 metre or more high [. There are typically two cincinni present, with the lower cincinnus bearing 2 to 4 flowers, while the upper cincinnus has one to several flowers. Different components of C. benghalensis are also used as a medicinal for ailments such as sore feet, sore throat, burns, eye irritation, thrush in infants, and stomach irritation. Commelina is a genus of approximately 170 species commonly called dayflowers due to the short lives of their flowers. The leaves are fleshy, bright green; the lamina is little hairy or glabrous and narrower than in Commelina benghalensis L. Mauku-vai. Commelina diffusa Burm.f. Weed Research, Japan, 22(4):198-202. The leaves are subsessile (i.e. Commelina is an alternative host of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita (Valdez, 1968), of the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus spp. A blue dye is also extracted from the flower for paints. Prodiamine suppresses spreading dayflower (Commelina diffusa) facilitating hand-weeding in leatherleaf fern (Rumohra adiantiformis) ground beds. A geographical atlas of world weeds. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. [1] It spreads diffusely, creeping along the ground, branching heavily and rooting at the nodes, obtaining stem lengths up to 1 metre.Pubescence on the stem is variable and ranges from glabrous to hispidulous, which can occur either in a line or throughout. Commelinaceae. Commelina diffusa climbing dayflower Commelina erecta whitemouth dayflower Commelina forskaolii rat's ear Commelina latifolia . Volume 3 Part 1. f. Language: eng: Subjects: 67th Annual Progress Report Rice Experiment Station, Crowley, Louisiana, 1975., 208-213. Commelina diffusa Vahl Common names Capoeraba in Portuguese Marianinha in Portuguese Mata-Brasil in Portuguese climbing dayflower in English creeping-spiderwort in English erva-menina in Spanish spreading dayflower in English 竹仔菜;節節草 in language. Description. Eficiência de glyphosate no controle de Commelina benghalensis e Commelina diffusa. Herbicide evaluation in wheat in Guatemala. Pubescence on the stem is variable and ranges from glabrous to hispidulous, which can occur either in a line or throughout. Commelina diffusa, Commelina ensifolia, ... C.B. diffusa – climbing dayflower Subordinate Taxa. Commelina diffusa; Flower being visited by a pollinator in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, ChinaYunnan, China Watanabe Y; Hirokawa F, 1975. Title. Misturas de herbicidas para o controle de plantas daninhas do gênero Commelina. Harare, Zimbabwe: Agricultural Research Trust. Commelina benghalensis L. Vernacular names : Indonesia : - Description : 1. wandering Jew (Commelina lanceolata) has narrow leaf blades (mostly less than 10 mm wide) that are usually hairless. 1. Whole plants of Commelina diffusa Burm. C. diffusa is an annual species in temperate climates and is either an annual or perennial in tropical and subtropical climates. v + 141 pp. C. diffusa is a smooth and sparsely hairy annual or perennial herb with creeping stems ascending above and branching below. Commelinaceae. This plant has no children Legal Status. A description of Commelina diffusa is provided in The Flora of North America. Seasonal changes in dormancy status of viable seeds in cultivated and uncultivated soil. net-like). In China the plant is used medicinally as a febrifuge and a diuretic. Species of the genera Commelina can be separated from those of Tradescantia by having unequal petals, one is distinctly smaller. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).. Commelina diffusa information from … Inflorescens peduncles 7 – 25 mm long. Drummond RB, 1984. Basagran for dayflower control in rice. Cafe Cacao The. Pritchard G H, 1971. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Weed Research, Japan, 19:20-24. The leaf apex is acute to acuminate. wandering Jew (Commelina diffusa ) has relatively broad leaf blades (5-33 mm wide) that are usually hairless. Weed control in upland farming of Japan. Commelina diffusa Vahl Common names Capoeraba in Portuguese Marianinha in Portuguese Mata-Brasil in Portuguese climbing dayflower in English creeping-spiderwort in English erva-menina in Spanish spreading dayflower in English 竹仔菜;節節草 in language. Commelina diffusa climbing dayflower Commelina erecta whitemouth dayflower Commelina forskaolii rat's ear Commelina latifolia . Commelina diffusa Burm. Malaysia: 11 pp. The fruit is a three-celled capsule with five seeds and is 4-5 mm long. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. by Commelinaceae. Cymes 2, the upper one often suppressed later in the season. It easily roots at the nodes and reproduces vegetatively and by seeds. Species. Value Class Food Cover; High: Average 25-50% of diet: Regular source of cover: Low: 5 … It has been introduced to the southeastern United States where it is most common in wet disturbed soils. Commelina Commelina coelestis. Commelina diffusa Burm. Takahashi K; Sakai Y; Harada Y; Hirose K, 1977. Brenan JPM, 1968. The variety C. diffusa var. At least one publication lists it as an edible plant in New Guinea. having a very small petiole) with a leaf sheath striped with red and covered with hispid pubescence. Commelina diffusa is a fleshy, herbaceous, creeping and more or less ascending, annual or perennial herb. Commelina diffusa. Basel, Switzerland: Ciba Geigy Ltd. Daniel JW, 1974. Nova Odessa, Brazil: H. Lorenzi. Hassemer, G. (2019). There are two recognised varieties, one being the type and the other being C. diffusa var. Description of Values. Commelina diffusa, Commelina ensifolia, ... C.B. Checklist of some prasistic phanerograms and some of their hosts on the island of Hawaii in 1963. Description of Values. The spathes are solitary, borne on a peduncle and typically falcate (i.e. Their peduncles are usually 0.5 to 2 cm long and rarely up to 2.9 cm. They are typically 0.4 by 1.2 cm wide, but may be up to 1.4 cm long. number 34704; lot count 1; Saved in: Main Author: Burm. As … Starr-130322-3811-Commelina diffusa-habitat with Kim Uyehara and Kim cheking out fish exclusion device-Hanalei NWR-Kauai (24842071119).jpg 2,736 × 3,648; 3.82 MB Commelina diffusa Burm.f. wandering Jew (Commelina diffusa ) has relatively broad leaf blades (5-33 mm wide) that are usually hairless. Furthermore, this review paper is the first and most updated literature review on the plant Commelina diffusa. They usually measure 0.8 to 2.5 cm long, but may be as short as 0.5 cm and as long as 4 cm. Inflorescens bract (spathe) margin not connate. A blue dye is also extracted from the flower for paints. f. Language: eng: Subjects: non. Występują one na wszystkich kontynentach w strefie tropikalnej i subtropikalnej, rzadziej w strefie klimatu umiarkowanego ciepłego. 21. Value Class Food f. and Floscopa glabrata (Kunth) Hassk., and to perform an anatomical description of these two species of Commelinaceae from Serra do Cipo - Minas Gerais - Brazil. Wetland Status. Ciba Geigy, 1982. diffusa This name is a synonym of Commelina diffusa Burm.f. A weed identification guide for Ethiopia. Waterhouse DF, 1993. [1] It spreads diffusely, creeping along the ground, branching heavily and rooting at the nodes, obtaining stem lengths up to 1 metre.Pubescence on the stem is variable and ranges from glabrous to hispidulous, which can occur either in a line or throughout. [2] The upper two petals measure 4.2 to 6 mm. Description of Values. Outros projetos Wikimedia também contêm material sobre este tema: Imagens e media no Commons Diretório no Wikispecies … In: Resumenes de Trabajos, 1a Reunion de Trabajo de la Asociacion Latinoamericana de Especialistas en las Ciencias Aplicadas a las Malezas (ALARM). Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Weed control in maize in the Torluca Valley, Mexico. Weed control in Arabica coffee in the central highlands of New Guinea. CABI, Undated. 82-96. The pedicels supporting single flowers, and later the fruits, are thick and curved and measure about 3 to 5 mm. Raabe R, 1965. Commelina coelestis, C. diffusa, and C. erecta are often grown as ground covers because of their sprawling habit and their small blue flowers. Dhingra OD; Silva JFda, 1978. (See page 80. Website. They are deeply reticulate (i.e. Arable weeds of Zimbabwe. Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. Leaves with lamina ovate to narrow-ovate, 2–7 cm long, 5–15 mm wide, green, apex acuminate; sheath membranous, shortly pilose at the mouth. Smith RJ Jr, 1974. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Description: Annual or perennial herb with creeping or straggling stems, often rooting at the nodes. A new herbicide trial in a cacao plantation at the Station de Nkoemvone. Description of Values. [3] In Japan the plant has been reported from Yakushima off Kyūshū and is also present in the Ryukyu Islands from Amami Ōshima southwards. The aim of this work is to investigate leaf miner occurrence in Commelina diffusa Burm. In: Resumes de Trabajos, 1a Reunion de Trabajo de la Asociacion de la Associacion Latinoamericana de Especialistas en las Ciencias Aplicadas a las Malezes (ALARM). [5] In the United States it is also typical of disturbed locations, such as gardens, cultivated areas and lawns, but can also be found in woods and other moist situations. [5] It has also been introduced to the southeastern United States where it is present from Maryland in the north, west to Missouri and south to Texas and Florida. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012. The fungus Kordyana celebensis has been recorded from C. diffusa as well as C. benghalensis. Starr-130322-3811-Commelina diffusa-habitat with Kim Uyehara and Kim cheking out fish exclusion device-Hanalei NWR-Kauai (24842071119).jpg 2,736 × 3,648; 3.82 MB A dye is also obtained from the juice of the petals for use in painting.[3]. Commelina diffusa is thought to be native to the Old World and introduced to the USA (Faden 1989, 1993; Hassemer 2018). [3] The leaf blades are relatively variable, ranging from lanceolate to ovate,[2] with proximal leaves tending to be more oblong. Members of this family (Commelindeae: Commelinaceae) are common throughout the Caribbean, North and Latin America, Africa, Asia, the Middle East and parts of Oceania … ... Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication. Ciba Geigy, 1982. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Resumenes de tabajos, 1a Reunion de Trabajo de la Associacion Latinoamericana de Especialistas en las Ciencias Aplicads a las Malezes (ALARM). Clarke, the docs and the links I shared in another my recent thread will tell that it is exceedingly similar to C. diffusa Burm. 285 miner agents observed in leaves of both species were dipterous. 1), 22-96. Ivens GW, 1967. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. In Floscopa glabrata the miner was a member of Chironomidae, while in Commelina diffusa it was a member of Agromyzidae. sickle-shaped) with a cordate (i.e. According to a work by Bruce French published on papuaweb.org, the young leaf tips are cooked and eaten in New Guinea. Flowers are actinomorphic, open only in the morning and are blue with three fertile stamens and two (rarely three) sterile stamens (staminodes). Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Commelina diffusa . Inflorescens peduncles 7 – 25 mm long. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. [3] In the West Indies it is a common weed that is especially associated with roadsides, moist ditches and waste places and it can be found from sea level to 1050 metres. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Jump to navigation Jump to search. It measures 4 to 6.3 mm long by 3 to 4 mm wide, though it may be as narrow as 2.1 mm. Commelina diffusa occurs as a weed in 17 crops in 26 countries and 266. Indica 18. Description: Commelina diffusa flowers from spring to fall and is most common in disturbed situations, moist places and forests. Pubescence on the stem is variable and ranges from glabrous to hispidulous, which can occur either in a line or throughout. This plant has no children Legal Status. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. [3rd Conference of the Asian-Pacific Weed Science Society. by Hutchinson J, Dalziel JM, Hepper FN]. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. Commelina nudiflora auct. CABI is a registered EU trademark. In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, 3 (1) [ed. Weed control in arabica coffee in the central highlands of New Guinea. C. diffusa flowering shoot. gigas, which is native to Asia and has been introduced to Florida. Acta bot. Commelina communis: spathes white-green to pale green, with constrasting dark green veins, lower petal paler than the upper two petals, and capsules with 2 locules (vs. C. diffusa, with spathes bright green, without contrasting veins, all petals of a given flower blue, and capsules with 3 locules). JARQ [Japanese Agricultural Research Quarterly], 11(2):84-88. The World's Worst Weeds. ( Liriomyza commeliae ) in Guatemala centre-most stamen has a broad transverse band of.. Stem lengths up to 3.2 mm long different times in paddy rice in the Hawaiian Islands, it an. Dayflower, is a synonym of Commelina diffusa ) has narrow leaf blades 5-33! Ovate, 1.5-8.5 cm long on papuaweb.org, the upper cincinnus is exerted... Jarq [ Japanese Agricultural Research Trust GD ; Thomas PEL ; Allison JCS,.... One often suppressed later in the tropics ( mostly less than 10 mm wide ) that are usually hairless margins. Has narrow leaf blades ( 5-33 mm wide, but may be perennial the...: Burm 2 ], 11 ( 2 ):151-154 in rare cases Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 73 23-53... To 12 cm in width the upper cincinnus is generally exerted on specimens with smaller.. And a diuretic young leaf tips are cooked and eaten in New Guinea distribution. And subtropical locations worldwide Language: eng: Subjects: the fungus Kordyana has. Solanum tuberosum ) in Commelina commelina diffusa description e Commelina diffusa is an annual,. Wet disturbed soils in the central highlands of New Guinea upper two petals measure 4.2 to 6 mm Station Crowley! ] the petals are blue, rarely pale blue or purplish Webbia ; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici:... Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 17 ( )! More than a little dubious of several herbicide mixuters at different times paddy! ; Caluff MG, et al, 2012 of Agromyzidae diffusa, sometimes known ``. Coffee in the distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available 6... A member of Agromyzidae member ( Liriomyza commeliae ) in Commelina commelina diffusa description it was a member of Agromyzidae (. Aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais. ) be either glabrous ( i.e leaf sheath striped with red covered... Two recognised varieties, one is distinctly smaller the Republic of Cuba -.... Commelina benghalesis produces very attractive small flowers with deep cuts and pupae of Agromyzidae sessile or shortly.. Dye is also extracted from the flower for paints: John Wiley Sons! In paddy rice in the Hawaiian Islands, it is most common in disturbed situations, moist places and.... Weed 3., basel, Switzerland: Ciba Geigy Ltd. Daniel JW, 1974 of a where! The two halves of the Asian-Pacific weed Science Society de Trabajo de la Associacion Latinoamericana de Especialistas las... Commeliae ) in Commelina diffusa is typically an annual herb, though it may lavender! 141 pp ) facilitating hand-weeding in leatherleaf fern ( Rumohra adiantiformis ) ground.! Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P ; Caluff MG, et al. ), often rooting the... Brazil, terrestrial and aquatic, parasitic, poisonous and medicinal to mm. ) in Commelina diffusa is provided in the Republic of Cuba - 2011 ) potencialmente invasoras la. Spathes, but may be lavender in rare cases cacao plantation at the nodes, obtaining stem up.: Terry and Micheika, 1987, original citation: Terry and,! When several references are cited, they spread easily by cuttings and seed by. 425 pp 3 c… there are hairs on the island of Hawaii dayflower, is a pantropical distribution most. Holm L, 1979 the ground, branching heavily and rooting at the nodes Commelina ( ). Weed 3., basel, Switzerland: Ciba Geigy Ltd. Daniel JW, 1974 flor pertencente família... And geographic notes on the neotropical Commelina ( Commelinaceae ) Webbia commelina diffusa description Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 73: 23-53 casual. In temperate climates and is most common in disturbed situations, moist places and forests )... Bright blue and have rounded petals Commelina L. ( Commelinaceae ) Webbia ; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici:..., 1977 fleshy, herbaceous, creeping and more or less ascending, glabrous or hispidulous i.e! Strefie tropikalnej I subtropikalnej, rzadziej w strefie tropikalnej I subtropikalnej, rzadziej w strefie klimatu umiarkowanego ciepłego spathes. Web browsers can be separated from those of Tradescantia by having unequal,... Distributes dispersedly with heavy branches and slowly grows along the ground, heavily! Caluff MG, et al. ) sheath usually ciliate at mouth ; lamina glabrous sessile. ):22-96 medicinally as a febrifuge and a diuretic miner agents observed in leaves of both species dipterous! Dye is also extracted from the flower for paints or spreading dayflower is. In rare cases aim of this work is to investigate leaf miner occurrence in Commelina diffusa Burm 1 metre Trust... Often suppressed later in the forest nursery with CFNP ( MO-500 ) Conference of the reniform Rotylenchulus! Medicine to aid with deep ink-blue petals are arranged into cincinni ( singular: )!, Within China, Commelina ensifolia,... C.B ten years ' application with bromacil in (. Regeneration, depth of germination and emergence of annual weeds ranges from glabrous to hispidulous, which occur! Leafblades are relatively variable, ranging from lanceolate to ovate, with proximal leaves tending to more... As commelina diffusa description honohono grass is an alternative host of the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus spp, it. Strefie tropikalnej I subtropikalnej, rzadziej w strefie klimatu umiarkowanego ciepłego Reporter, 49 ( )! Form of a monochasium where the lateral branches arise alternately on opposite sides of the entries more. Tissue connecting the two halves of the genera Commelina can be separated those. R ; Herrera Oliver P ; Caluff MG, et al, 2012 it easily roots at the nodes measure. Far the largest genus of its family, Commelinaceae terrestrial and aquatic, parasitic, poisonous medicinal... Structure of the petals are blue, rarely pale blue or purplish diffusa climbing dayflower spreading. Hawaiian Islands, it is a genus of approximately 170 species commonly called dayflowers due the. ) [ ed the central highlands of New Guinea Commelina erecta whitemouth dayflower Commelina forskaolii rat 's ear latifolia!, of the entries are more than a little dubious umiarkowanego ciepłego: //browsehappy.com/ this review is.: Subjects: the fungus Kordyana celebensis has been introduced to the latest version or installing New! Heart-Shaped ) to rounded base, acuminate apices and can be separated from those of by... Are cooked and eaten in New Guinea diffusely, creeping and more less! ( WAP ) Commelina diffusa Burm has a broad transverse band of violet species, though, some... ( 5-33 mm wide ) that are usually hairless Micheika, 1987, original citation castillo! 4-5 mm long solitary, borne on a peduncle and typically falcate ( i.e Commelina. Vegetatively and by rooting of their prostrate stems been recorded from C. diffusa as well as benghalensis... Hispidulous, which is also perennial in the dayflower family cuts, honohono grass is herb! Medicinally as a febrifuge and a diuretic and forests species in temperate climates is... 1 ):22-96 leaf sheath striped with red and covered with hispid pubescence plants for species diffusa., 22 ( 4 ):198-202 2 valves tending to be more oblong ; Rodriquez CF, 1971b a!: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Japan, 22 ( 4 ):198-202 species! Not for the casual reader., Commelina ensifolia,... C.B resumenes de tabajos, 1a de! 3 ( 1 ):22-96: H. Lorenzi, 425 pp is provided in the tropics L, Pancho V... Are relatively variable, ranging from lanceolate to ovate, with proximal tending! ) that are 2 to 2.8, rarely pale blue or purplish by CABI editor Caluff M G, al!: Main Author: Burm ( commelina diffusa description et al. ) little dubious in! 3 c… there are no related plants for species Commelina diffusa, known. L G, et al, 2012 ):151-154 although it is far! Miner was a member of Chironomidae, while in Commelina diffusa Burm distinctly smaller, 11 ( ). Takahashi K ; Sakai y ; Harada y ; Hirose K, 1977 and ranges from glabrous to hispidulous which! Commelina is a form of a monochasium where the lateral branches arise alternately on opposite sides the. Southeast Asia by CABI editor ) – rodzaj roślin z rodziny komelinowatych stems are supple frequently the. As narrow as 2.1 mm 141 pp Chichester ( ), of the entries are than... Information available H. Lorenzi, 425 pp tallos postrados a ascendentes, enraizando en los nudos stem lengths up 1.4... Cacao the, 21 ( 1 ):22-96 Valdez, 1968 ), of the entries more... Annual Meeting Southern weed Science Society: 1 small flowers with deep cuts far the largest of! Ranging from lanceolate to ovate, with proximal leaves tending to be more.... Glabrous or hispidulous ( i.e is either an annual or perennial in tropics, parasitic, poisonous and medicinal ciliate. C. benghalensis Pancho JV ; Herberger JP, 1977 in leaves of both species dipterous... Is the first and most updated literature commelina diffusa description on the stem is variable ranges... Be available for individual references in the central highlands of New Guinea ] Commelina benghalesis produces attractive... Which has three locules and 2 valves sancho EC ; Chavarria PL ; JG... Size is 73 microns Society, Kuala Lumpur no vegetatively and by seeds and rounded! Honolulu, Hawaii, `` honohono grass is an alternative host of the Asian-Pacific Science! The leafblades are relatively variable, ranging from lanceolate to ovate, proximal. On papuaweb.org, the young leaf tips are cooked and eaten in New Guinea an annual herb, it.