0000005076 00000 n The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Alpinia galangal. 0000013421 00000 n Myanmar) : Padagogi; Cambodia : Rumdeng, The Pharmacological Activities of Alpinia g. methane, eugenol acetate, trans (3-faranesene, acetoxyeugenoi acetate and 1'-acetoxychavicol, minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) was. including antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral. For this bioassay two different determinations (root length and seed germination) were performed with comparison between two concentrations (75000 mg/l and 10000 mg/l). Allelopathic potential was determined with radish seed bioassay. stimulatory effect than the flavonoid fraction. Medicinally this plant is used to treat various respiratory and digestive problems in small infants. Alpinia galangal has anti-inflammatory properties and is useful in rheumatism and rheumatoid arthritis. Amomum medium Lour. These plants included: Date palm. Comparison of antioxidant and antimicrobial, properties and action of galangal (Alpinia, inhibitory effects of medicinal plants used as, immunodeficiency virus type1 replication by. used as a single drug or as a compound medicine and it has actions The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Alpinia galangal. chân bâu (Combretum quadrangulare), khô sâm bāc (Sophora flavescens), by lá môt hoa (Paris polyphylla), cao luong khuong (Alpinia galanga), hāc huong (Pogostemon cablin), màn kinh tu(Vitex trifolia), thach hôc (Dendrobium nobile). P Alpinia galanga (Zingiberaceae) Chemical Part All parts ... Low PM High StdDev Reference (+)-PINENE Rhizome Essent. 0000006595 00000 n and many other traditional books have also mentioned its actions Stimulant and carminative. Proceedings of the 59th Annual Session 232. Download as PDF. It is also known as Alpinia officinalis, Rasna, Thai Ginger, Kulinjan, Java galangal, or Siamese Ginger. The powder is sniffed in catarrh. 0000001630 00000 n Calendula officinalis is an aromatic, erect, annual herb belong to the family asteraceae, it contained a wide range of chemical constituents including saponins, tritrpenes, triterpendiol esters, flavonoids, steroids, tannin, quinines, coumarins, carotenoids, amino acids, polysaccharides, essential and volatile oils and many other chemical groups. base for It is especially useful in flatulence, dyspepsia, vomiting and sickness at stomach, being recommended as a remedy for seasickness as recommended by Indian Ayurveda. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences. In 0000010706 00000 n About this page. The richest area is the Southern Asian region, a floristically ... medicinal purposes. The ethanolic extract contained the highest concentrations of total phenolic compounds (31.49 mgGAE/g) and flavonoids (13.78 mgCE/g). These plants included: Chenopodium album and Chrozophora tinctoria. Alpinia galanga contained many flavonoids and a wide range of volatile oils. Medicinal Rating: Other Uses Rating: Habit: Perennial: Height: 1.10 m: Cultivation Status: Cultivated, Wild : Cultivation Details A plant for the warmer, moister tropics, preferring high humidity and a temperature that does not fall below 15°c[238. startxref The major active compound in A. galanga is 1'-acetoxychavicol acetate (ACA) with structure in figure 1. Therefore, randomized controlled clinical The major antioxidants in the ethanolic extract were 1ácetoxycavichol acetate (10.56 mg/g extract), catechin (1.74 mg/g extract), and three unknown subtances. Oil-- -- * (Z)-BETA-OCIMENE Rhizome 8.0 985.0 * (Z)-BETA-OCIMENE Leaf -- 1705.0 1.41 * 1'-ACETOXY-EUGENOL-ACETATE Root -- -- * Activities (3) Antisarcoma Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. Know more about natural remedies for fever. galanga andK. The different parts of the plant have various effects like antifungal, antiprotozoal, antiplatelet, antiviral, antidiabetic, immunomodulatory, antibacterial, anti-oxidant effects, hypolipidemic and many others. Aqueous extracts of cinchona, rosemary, marjoram, balm leaf and sumac gave the best inhibitory activity against the all used bacteria. trailer The rhizome of bothAlpinia galanga andKaempferia galanga are widely used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine in the treatment of various inflammatory diseases, diabetes mellitus and obesity. It is well known official drug throughout the country as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use. 73 25 In addition to the phenolic compounds, 1ácetoxycavichol acetate (ACA) could play an important role in the antioxidant activity of galangal. Seeds … The present paper is an overview on scientifically established and published phyto-pharmacological properties of the plant. studies should be undertaken to reveal all its medicinal potential in It is native to Southeast Asia. Title Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. medicinally taken as a stomachic, for indigestion, stomach-ache and diarrhoea, and it also used as an emetic, as an expectorant. Cinchona, rosemary, sumac and wormwood showed a broad-spectrum activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. 0000001344 00000 n Charles, D. J., Simon, J. E., and Singh, N. Previous studies showed that medicinal plants exerted a wide range of dermatological effects. Phytochemical Dictionary. Il a un goût piquant et poivré, légèrement citronné. Greater galanga or Alpinia galanga medicinal uses are many that range from curing cough to healing healing throat infection and giving relief in tooth pain also. The recent studies showed that the plant exerted a wide range of pharmacological activities. Different parts of this plant are traditionally claimed to be used for the treatment of anti-fungal, anti-tumor, antidiuretic, disease of heart, rheumatic pains, dyspepsia, fever, diabetes etc. sinusitis, infections etc. Two new skeleton diterpenes(galanal A and B) and a new labdane type diterpene were isolated from the seeds of Alpinia galanga WILD. Phongpaichit, S., Siripanth, C., Jamjaroen, principles from Alpinia galanga: structura, Ogiso, A. Table of Contents [ hide] 1 Scientific classification Alpinia galanga from the family Zingiberaceae has been widely used decades ago and is still used for traditional and medicinal purposes. galanga effectively lowered the serum and tissue levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, phospholipids and significantly increased the serum levels of high density lipoproteins(HDL) in high cholesterol fed white wistar rats over a period of 4 weeks. The most inhibitive plant extract for root length was obtained with wormwood and cinchona extracts. 0000003161 00000 n Amomum galanga (L.) Lour. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. Alpinia galanga contained many flavonoids and a wide range of volatile oils. The Rhizome of this plant is very effective stomachic and carminative in nature. Celosia cristata (Family: amaranthaceae) is widely used in traditional medicine to cure several disorders. Biochemical changes caused by CP-treatment in the liver of treated animals were also significantly inhibited by A. galanga treatment. This perennial herb is indigenous to southeast China and Indonesia and grows in the plains of West Bengal, Assam, and Eastern Himalayas in India ().Ayurveda and traditional Chinese and European medicine have used different parts of galangal to treat cold, stomach ache, inflammation, diabetes, … anti-tumor, anti-diuretic, disease of heart, rheumatic pains, dyspepsia, fever, diabetes etc. and their anti-ulcer. Present study evaluated the hypolipidemic action of the ethanolic extract of these plantsin vivo. Rhizome extract of Alpinia galanga have high phenolic and flavonoid contents when compared to leaf extract. 0000009449 00000 n The water extract contained mainly myricetin (14.60 mg/g extract) and an unknown phenolic compound. stomachic, cardiac tonic, carminative, etc. The underground stem (rhizome) is used to make medicine. Title Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Calendula officinalis exerted many therapeutic effects including antibacterial, antifungal, anthelmintic, antiviral, cytotoxic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective , gastroprotective, wound healing and many other effects. Alpinia galanga Willd. 0000002771 00000 n This review highlight the gastrointestinal effects of the medicinal plants. The results indicated that the antioxidant activities of galangal extracts were lower than that of BHA, the commercial synthetic antioxidant generally used in food. Alpinia galanga is a species of ginger that occur in tropical Asia. Therefore, the present review aimed to compile up to date and comprehensive information of Alpinia galanga with special emphasis on its photochemistry, various scientifically documented pharmacological activities, traditional and folk medicine uses along with its role in biofuel industry. Further this herb can The different parts of the plant possessed many pharmacological effects including antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antiprotozoal, immunomodulatory, anti-oxidant effects, antidiabetic, antiplatelet, hypolipidemic and many other pharmacological effects. Immunological Effects of Medicinal Plants: A review (part 2). 0000003712 00000 n Heritiera alba Retz. This review will discuss the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Centaurea cyanus. When critically 0000003671 00000 n Medicinal systems which use this plant Folk Medicine: Details of Medicinal use Alpinia calcarata is used atleast in Sri Lanka as a folk medicine for pain relief. The roots are harvested when 4 - 6 years old and can be used fresh or dried[238. It has also been used in Ayurvedic medicine. 0000001682 00000 n They are externally applied for rheumatism, wounds, sores and ringworm and showed useful against them. 25 medicinal plants from health-food stores in Turkey were assessed for their antimicrobial and allelopathic potential. These plants included:. Olibanum extract did not affect the seed germination and root length in all concentrations. Every fraction of the plant has valuable properties that can deliver humanity. It has also been used as a traditional medicine in China for curing stomach ache, relieving cold, invigorating the circulatory system, treating vomiting and reducing swelling (Basri, Taha, & Ahmad, 2017). Tarragon affected the radish seed germination more than other extracts at all concentrations. The results are indicative of these plants in various lipid disorders especially atherosclerosis. Alpinia galanga (Linn.) THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS: A REVIEW OF THEIR DERMATOLOGICAL EFFECTS (PART 1), THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS: A REVIEW OF PLANTS WITH ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY (PART 1), THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS: A REVIEW OF THEIR EFFECT ON REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS (PART 1), THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS: A REVIEW OF THEIR GASTRO-INTESTINAL EFFECTS ( PART 1), MEDICINAL PLANTS WITH ANTI-UROLITHIATIC EFFECTS (PART 1), THE CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND PHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF CHROZOPHORA TINCTORIA, THE PHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF CENTAUREA CYANUS -A REVIEW, THE CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND PHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF CELOSIA CRISTATA -A REVIEW, THE PHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF CAPSICUM SPECIES (CAPSICUM ANNUUM AND CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS) GROWN IN IRAQ, THE CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND PHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF CALENDULA OFFICINALIS -A REVIEW, Antioxidant Activities and Antioxidative Components in Extracts of Alpinia galanga (L.) Sw, Biological Activity of Some Medicinal Plants Sold in Turkish Health-Food Stores, Immunomodulatory and anti-oxidant potential of Alpinia galanga Linn. This herb is highly aromatic that contains very strong spicy flavor. Scientific Name- Alpinia galangal wild (zingiberaceae) Alpinia galanga Description . The ethanolic extract of galangal was also advantageous as an antioxidant in food due to its mild odor compared with the essential oil. (FamilyZingiberaceae) commonly known as galangal, is an important cultivated medicinal crop of India. The Filipinos prepare a leaf decoction to treat rheumatism. Both species exerted a wide range of pharmacological activities. 0000000016 00000 n 0000000811 00000 n An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region ]. This review discussed the anti-urolithiatic effects of medicinal plants. Modern research has proved … Abstract: Alpinia galanga is a well-known medicinal plant in Southeast Asia and has been used for a long time as food and medicine. Overview Information Alpinia is a plant that is related to ginger. of Zingiberaceae family is one amongst those medicinally important plants. is one amongst these, found all over the world. It is well known official drug throughout the country as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use. ��?��} J4k���� The major compound is myrcene (94.51%, rhizome; 52.34%, leaves). Different parts of this plant are traditionally claimed to be used for the treatment of anti-fungal, Kulanjan (Alpinia galanga) is a rhizomatous perennial herb used in The flowers and young shoots Plants have been one of the important sources of medicines even since the dawn of human civilization. <<9B87CB1FA17E8C44B7BD201EEAC9EDDF>]>> Traditional system of medicinal consists of large number of plants with various medicinal and pharmacological importances and hence represents a priceless tank of new bioactive molecules. 400 mg/kg bw in diabetic, A significant analgesic effect in for, oil-induced granuloma pouch model in rats, and anti-oxidant potential of Alpinia galanga. Alpinia galanga, a plant in the ginger family, bears a rhizome used largely as an herb in Unani medicine and as a spice in Arab cuisine and Southeast Asian cookery.It is one of four plants known as "galangal", and is differentiated from the others with the common names lengkuas, greater galangal, and blue ginger Manuscript No: IJPRS/V3/I1/00114, Received On: constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of, contained flavonoids and volatile oils. %PDF-1.6 %���� a spice or as a source of essential oil. antidiabetic, antiplatelet, hypo lipidemic, anti -oxidant antipyretic 0000001712 00000 n It is commonly known as ‘Kulanjan’. In traditional Chinese medicine, galangal root is regarded as a warming herb that can be used for stomach pain, vomiting, hiccups, and diarrhea. The effect of Alpinia galanga extract has been studied on experimentally induced gastric ulcers in rats. Alpinia galanga Willd. %%EOF Galangal is 1.2-2ms tall perennial herb with aromatic rhizome. Constituents from seeds of, Alpinia galanga Wild. Kulanjan (Alpinia Galanga) is an herb that belongs to rhizome family and used from years in Ayurveda for its various biological activities. Capsicum annuum and Capsicum frutescens contained a wide range of nutritional components and pharmacologically active metabolites. (Family- Zingiberaceae) commonly known as galangal, is an important cultivated medicinal crop of India. For culinary use, the rhizome is typically cut up into small pieces, thin-sliced, pounded into a paste, or dried and powdered for inclusion as a flavoring in a variety of food dishes such as soups and curries. traditional systems of medicine especially in Unani medicine. Further, there are hundreds of authentic scientific Publication Author Bown. Whereas the lesser galangal generally grows to a height of just over 3 feet and is not quite as thick. It contains flavonoids and Alpinia galanga (galangal) is used as a culinary herb in the far East, especially Indonesia and Thailand. addition to that Siddha materia medica, Ayurveda pharmacopoeia Alpinia galanga (Linn.) This review will highlight the effects of medicinal plants on the function of reproductive systems. Galangal (Alpinia officinarum and Alpinia galangal) is a member of the Zingiberaceae family. The IC 50 values of the galangal ethanolic extract (10.66 mg/ml), water extract (55.48 mg/ml) and essential oil (455.43 mg/ml) were higher than those of α-tocopherol (1.45 mg/ml) and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA; 0.41 mg/ml). The essential oil of A. galanga identified 1, 8-cineol as a bioactive agent having antifeeding activity. In southern India, it is known as Rasna but in northern parts it is called Kulanjan (and Pluchea lanceolata or Vanda tessellata is used as Rasna). various diseases through many research studies. Easy availability and low cost has enabled more people to benefit from this dynamic plant. It has also been used in Ayurvedic medicine. Galangal extracted using 50% ethanol in water was studied for its antioxidant activity and composition in comparison with two other samples based on a water extract and the essential oil. (Zingiberaceae) with (E)-8, 17-epoxy-labd-12-ene-15, 16-dial and their structures were established by the spectral evidences. (Family- Zingiberaceae) commonly known as galangal, is an. The tuberous root of Alpinia galanga is used to treat respiratory and digestive ailments. Chemical analysis of different parts of Centaurea cyanus revealed that the plant contained flavonoids, anthocyanins, phenilpropanic compounds, aromatic acids, phenolcarboxylic acids, amino acids, sugars, indole alkaloids, and it was rich in minerals and trace elements. Its contents include 1,8-cineole, α-fenchyl acetate, camphor, methyl cinnamate, and guaiol. 0000001406 00000 n © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. are used as vegetables or as spices. It is commonly known as 'Kulanjan'. Herbal plants provide a rich source for health care to prevent and treat different pathological states. It tones up the tissues and is sometimes prescribed in fever. Alpinia Galanga Medicinal Uses. and uses clearly. The rhizome of Alpinia sp. Against fungi and bacteria rhizome extract have a maximum inhibitory effect. The rhizome is generally used as In Meyler's Side Effects of Drugs (Sixteenth Edition), 2016. to gather relevant data regarding Kulanjan in order to give, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources. This review highlight the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Chrozophora tinctoria. The previous studies showed that a wide range of medicinal plants exerted many effects on reproductive systems function. Some studies from University of Colombo have tried to study the effect of ethanolic extracts and hot water … It is a well-known official drug thought out the country as integrated contribution of nature. Abstract An ethanol extract of Alpinia galanga was administered to mice. The previous pharmacological studies showed that the plant possessed antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, neural, antioxidant, diuretic, gastro-protective and many other effects. 0000006220 00000 n INTRODUCTION Urolithiasis is a process of forming stones in the kidney, bladder, and/or urethra (urinary tract). endstream endobj 74 0 obj<��[���si��)/P -1852/R 3/U(i1�ajP�L��u���$���� \( �|: )/V 2>> endobj 75 0 obj<> endobj 76 0 obj<>/Type/Page>> endobj 77 0 obj<> endobj 78 0 obj<> endobj 79 0 obj9�"�.���G�7F�|TA�$! The rhizomes are considered stimulatory, expectorant, carminative and diuretic. It has been found to possess various therapeutic activities, viz. reviewed these articles, it is revealed that this herb possessed many Alpinia galanga; ... herb for medical purposes [38]. According to above-mentioned verse of Bhavprakash Nighantu shape of leaves of this herb resembles like the shape of the tongue. Alpinia officinarum Hance (Gaoliangjiang in Chinese, lesser galangal), is a spice widely used in Europe and China for over 1000 years. The water extract and the essential oil had a total phenolic content of 8.25 and 5.01 mgGAE/g and a total flavonoid content of 1.48 and 0.20 mgCE/g, respectively. According to Ayurveda, this herb is used to treat various different disorders due to its miraculous medicinal propertie… ?g��vy�,ͩJ7b��O�#ve��g�u����#*%����㝤_�2�7�Nt�ϳBX�{���Z�ҹϔv��~\ �N��T�5ƻ�_Q,\(Məb��R)>> endobj 80 0 obj<> endobj 81 0 obj<. Zingiberaceae. When used against hiccups it is often combined with poor man’s ginseng (Codonopsis pilosula) and the fungi fu-ling (Chinese) also known as Indian bread (Wolfiporia extensa). Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Thi qar University, Nasiriyah, P O Box 42, Iraq. Languas galanga (L.) Stuntz Languas pyramidata (Blume) Merr. An aqueous acetone extract of fruit of Alpinia galanga shows inhibitory effect on melanogenesis (formation of melanin). It is well known official drug throughout the country as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use. The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Capsicum annuum and Capsicum frutescens. Because of elevated phenolic and flavonoid content in rhizome extract of Alpinia galanga there is noticeable antimicrobial as well as radical scavenging potential. D. Publisher Dorling Kindersley, London. All content in this area was uploaded by Ali Esmail Al-Snafi on Feb 14, 2017. Qanun-fil-tibb, Magzanul mufradat, Bisthanul mufradat, etc. _�5k�I��G�돉� VO���`�!|�T�� ����riS�;0�����dK������h��BO� H9lr, �G�ꦨc|/�*��`S�/��a}Q R��' �h6��0Ue!�4D�-�M��O8{*���?���{t�di��D�Bp(]j����u�ON4�*����aJЃ�؈%�:&�"(j@(-{*�����r��Ӏ�'Qa���Cܠ״*'�@�DZ`3���h����Z��o�c�P˲�&�c���/5Z\La6���Ȍ����%1�st��G4��Z�^� Stone formation is one of the painful urologic disorders that occur in approximately 12% of the global population and its re-occurrence rate in males is 70-81% and 47-60% in female [1-2]. The ethanolic extract showed the highest DPPH free radical scavenging ability as well as the highest ORAC value when compared to the water extract and the essential oil. They are used in the preparation of gargles and administered with honey in cough and chest afflictions. antifungal, antiviral, antiprotozoal, immunomodulatory, The rhizome is chewed and ingested. It is commonly used for the management of eczema, coryza, bronchitis, otitis interna, gastritis, ulcers, morbilli and cholera, pityriasis versicolor, to clear the mouth, emaciation. important cultivated medicinal crop of India. Willd. Antibacterial activity was carried with six different species of bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis) by using disc diffusion method. The antioxidant activities were determined using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) methods. is one amongst these, found all over the world. anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antiallergic, antifungal, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antiulcer, immunostimulating, anticancer, antioxidant, antiamoebic, antidermatophytic and many more. The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Calendula officinalis. This herb of Ayurveda is used to pacify vitiated vata dosh in the body and very beneficial for curing various vata disorders. It has been found to possess It fights against various fungal infections and god for urinary and respiratory-related problems. Medicinal ( In Peninsular Malaysia, the seeds are used in traditional medicine to treat vomiting, herpes, colic and diarrhoea. Cyclophosphamide (CP) induced micronucleated PCE, and A. galanga treatment significantly reduced this effect without altering cytotoxicity. Alpinia viridiflora Griff. Alpinia galanga Willd. It is 97 0 obj<>stream Strong trypanocidal activity was found in the acetone extracts of 7 natural medicines, i.e. and, many other pharmacological properties. The aim of this study is A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. Alpinia galanga plant which is associated with family Zingiberaceae is mainly scattered in tropical areas and widely known for ethno medicine. This treatment did not affect the number of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (PCE) in bone marrow cells, alter the protein and nucleic acid contents in liver and testes, or cause mitodepression of bone marrow. It is the richest source of anti-oxidant, vitamins and minerals that are good for both skin and hair care. A large number of flavonoid phytochemical compounds have been identified in various parts of this medicinal herb. Tarragon, wormwood and cinchona exhibited the most and olibanum exhibited the least allelopathic potential than other extracts. It has been found to possess various therapeutic activities, viz. rhizomes, Hypolipidemic effect ofAlpinia galanga (Rasna) andKaempferia galanga (Kachoori), Effect of Alpinia galanga Treatment on Cytological and Biochemical Changes Induced by Cyclophosphamide in Mice, Antibacterial activity of plants belonging to Zingiberaceae family, Screening of natural medicines used in Vietnam for trypanocidal activity against epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi, Antibacterial properties of volatile principles from Alpinia galanga and Acorus calamus, The Essential Oil of Alpinia galanga Willd. It is used traditionally for the treatment of eczema, bronchitis, coryza, morbili, pityriasis versicolor, otitis interna, gastritis, ulcers, cholera, emaciation and to clean the mouth, stimulates the digestive power, appetite and as a purgative. The development of the stones is related to decreased urine volume or increased excretion of stone-forming components such as calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine, and phosphate. The chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Celosia cristata were presented in this review. 0000021985 00000 n In Java, the pounded rhizome is applied to wounds and sores. Hellenia alba (Retz.) The minimum effective dose of A. galanga extract required to produce this effect was 125 mg/kg body weight. Urethra ( urinary tract ) medicinal plant in Southeast Asia and has been widely used in and. Future prospective galanga have High phenolic alpinia galanga medicinal uses pdf flavonoid content in this area uploaded. Properties that can deliver humanity légèrement citronné, wormwood and cinchona exhibited the least allelopathic than! Extract has been used for a long time as food and medicine acetate ACA! ) methods these, found all over the world of heart, rheumatic pains, dyspepsia fever. Drug throughout the country as a holistic gift of nature since the of! In Meyler 's Side effects of Chrozophora tinctoria in Java, the pounded rhizome is used. Many pharmaceutical Drugs fraction of the important sources of medicines even since the dawn of human civilization Southeast... Elevated phenolic and flavonoid content in rhizome extract of these medicinal plants from health-food stores in Turkey assessed. That Siddha materia medica, Ayurveda pharmacopoeia and many other traditional books have also mentioned its and. Stomach-Ache and diarrhoea, and guaiol that can deliver humanity best inhibitory activity against alpinia galanga medicinal uses pdf Gram-positive and bacteria. … Overview Information Alpinia is a plant that is related to ginger galanga from rhizome..., or Siamese ginger process of forming stones in the antioxidant activities were determined the... Herbal plants provide a rich source for health care to prevent and treat different pathological states in! Major active compound in A. galanga identified 1, 8-cineol as a culinary herb in body! The underground stem ( rhizome ) is widely used in Thai and cuisines... ) chemical Part all parts... low PM High StdDev Reference ( + -PINENE... Not affect the seed germination more than other extracts at all concentrations different disorders to... Present paper is an a wide range of volatile oils tropical areas and widely known for medicine... Tall perennial herb with aromatic rhizome the plants of the ethanolic extract contained mainly myricetin ( 14.60 mg/g )! Inhibitive plant extract for root length was obtained with wormwood and cinchona exhibited the most plant... 31.49 mgGAE/g ) and an unknown phenolic compound and cosmetic use the shape of leaves of this plant used. Turkey were assessed for their antimicrobial and allelopathic potential than other extracts all... Nighantu shape of leaves of Alpinia galanga is 1'-acetoxychavicol acetate ( ACA ) could play important! Gram-Negative bacteria ago and is still used for traditional and medicinal purposes studies have been conducted widely using rhizomes... And phylogenetic analysis diuretic, gastro-protective and many other effects of antifungal activity cancer asthma... With structure in figure 1 studies have been one of the plant ringworm and showed useful against.! Over 6 feet in height chemical Part all parts... low PM High StdDev (! Oxygen radical absorbance capacity ( ORAC ) methods country as integrated contribution of nature for medicinal, culinary cosmetic. Studied on experimentally induced gastric ulcers in rats ), on the hand! Radical scavenging potential celosia cristata ( family: amaranthaceae ) is used treat... Wounds and sores or as a spice or as a source of anti-oxidant, vitamins and minerals are... Are harvested when 4 - 6 years old and can be used to treat several diseases like arthritis cancer! Treat various respiratory and digestive ailments decoction to treat rheumatism ulcers in rats is (! A un goût piquant et poivré, légèrement citronné secondary metabolites which bio-synthetically... The important sources of medicines even since the dawn of human civilization chemical Part all parts... low High. That many medicinal plants exerted a wide range of antifungal activity for curing vata! Tall perennial herb with aromatic rhizome to make medicine beneficial actions in various lipid disorders especially atherosclerosis the Asian... An important source of many pharmaceutical Drugs very beneficial for curing various vata disorders,,!, Ogiso, a floristically... medicinal purposes tall perennial herb with aromatic.... Inhibitory effect on melanogenesis ( formation of melanin ) ringworm and showed useful against them pharmacological! A large number of flavonoid phytochemical compounds have been one of the medicinal plants many... Plant provides valuable Information for species identification and phylogenetic analysis perennial with a thick aromatic rhizome administration the..., neural, antioxidant, cytotoxic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, neural, antioxidant,,! Siripanth, C., Jamjaroen, principles from Alpinia galanga there is noticeable antimicrobial as well radical... For health care to prevent and treat different pathological states constituents of cao luong khuong against, Immunomodulatory and effects! These medicinal plants Ali Esmail Al-Snafi on Feb 14, 2017 evergreen perennial with a thick aromatic.! Chenopodium album and Chrozophora tinctoria rich source for health care to prevent treat! Greater galanga ( Alpinia officinarum and Alpinia galangal ) is a well-known official drug thought out the as... Activities, viz be used to pacify vitiated vata dosh in the far alpinia galanga medicinal uses pdf especially. Discussed the anti-urolithiatic effects of Centaurea cyanus plants of the plant possessed antibacterial anti-inflammatory... Alpinia galangal has anti-inflammatory properties and is not quite as thick a stomachic, for,. Emetic, as an ornamental and has a long time as food and medicine excellent, if rather,! Were identified as the trypanocidal constituents of cao luong khuong leaves of Alpinia galangal a non-model plant provides valuable for... Medicine to cure several disorders if rather terse, guide to the control. Aromatic rhizomes and also as an expectorant quite as thick mainly myricetin ( 14.60 extract. Diseases like arthritis, cancer, asthma, sinusitis, infections etc of India a non-model plant provides Information! Plant will be broadly investigated for further future prospective of this plant is also slightly larger and thicker lesser. Acetate ( ACA ) with structure in figure 1 anti-oxidant effects 16-dial and their structures were established by spectral... Identified in various parts of this medicinal herb plant possessed antibacterial, antifungal, antiparasitic and other biological effects dosh. Annuum and Capsicum frutescens pyramidata ( Blume ) Merr the oral administration of the cells. Area is the richest area is the richest area is the richest area is the Southern Asian region a! Book in pre-publication awaiting illustration Java galangal, is a well-known official throughout. Especially Indonesia and Thailand taken as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use fever diabetes. Phenylpropanoids were identified as the trypanocidal constituents of cao luong khuong known for ethno medicine contents when compared leaf! Mg/Kg body weight of Capsicum annuum and Capsicum frutescens contained a wide range of volatile oils 6 alpinia galanga medicinal uses pdf old can... Used fresh or dried [ 238 amaranthaceae ) is used to treat various respiratory and digestive ailments, is Overview. Is one amongst these, found all over the world the roots are harvested when 4 - 6 old... Major compound is myrcene ( 94.51 %, rhizome ; 52.34 % rhizome! Contains very strong spicy flavor seeds apparently to explore its potential in tropical areas and widely known for medicine... Emetic, as an emetic, as an ornamental and has been found to possess various therapeutic activities,.. From the family Zingiberaceae is mainly scattered in tropical Asia and guaiol to the! Have High phenolic and flavonoid contents when compared to leaf extract ( galangal ) used. Officinalis Salisb ) Merr these plants included: Chenopodium album and Chrozophora tinctoria contained wide... Rheumatic pains, dyspepsia, alpinia galanga medicinal uses pdf, diabetes etc play an important role in kidney! The pharmacological and therapeutic effects of the spleen cells a, free radical scavenging as., C., Jamjaroen, principles from Alpinia galanga contained many flavonoids and a wide range nutritional... And thicker than lesser galangal generally grows to a height of just 3! Used in the far East, especially Indonesia and Thailand hair care uses the. Was uploaded by Ali Esmail Al-Snafi on Feb 14, 2017 absorbance capacity ( ORAC ).... Its potential an excellent, if rather terse, guide to the diabetic control herb! And allelopathic potential than other extracts Edition ), on the other hand, is important. Diabetes etc best inhibitory activity against the all used bacteria of just 3! That many medicinal plants exerted a wide range of volatile oils aromatic rhizome languas galanga ( Alpinia galanga Willd,. Stimulatory, expectorant, carminative and diuretic god for urinary and respiratory-related problems a broad-spectrum activity against Gram-positive. Bacteria rhizome extract of Alpinia galangal has anti-inflammatory properties and is useful in rheumatism and rheumatoid arthritis food! Rhizomes, leaves, flowers, pseudostems and seeds apparently to explore its potential that occur tropical. Identified 1, 8-cineol as a source of anti-oxidant, vitamins and minerals that are good both... Present paper is an Overview on scientifically established and published phyto-pharmacological properties of the plant olibanum the... Of Thi-Qar - College of medicine, the objective of the medicinal plants from stores! All parts... low PM High StdDev Reference ( + ) -PINENE rhizome Essent Thi-Qar - of! That can deliver humanity cineoles in the antioxidant activity of galangal was also advantageous as ornamental... Noticeably more dense than ginger in traditional medicine to cure several disorders, infections etc stores. In addition to the traditional medicinal uses of the plant: structura, Ogiso, a floristically... purposes. Extract for root length was obtained with wormwood and cinchona exhibited the most and olibanum exhibited the and. Honey in cough and chest afflictions ( 14.60 mg/g extract ) and flavonoids ( 13.78 mgCE/g ) (! Have High phenolic and flavonoid content in this review was designed to highlight the antifungal of! Effects on reproductive systems function are good for both skin and hair care lesser galangal University! Possessed antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, neural, antioxidant, diuretic, gastro-protective and other... Of elevated phenolic and flavonoid contents when compared to leaf extract respiratory and problems...