The country has banned imports and sales of tobacco or tobacco-related products along with other emergency regulations during the country’s declared six-month state of public emergency. The money is going directly into the pocket of criminals," a South Africa anti-crime campaigner says. At a time when COVID-19 is gripping the world, the pandemic should encourage countries to kickstart programmes and policies that encourage smokers to quit. COVID-19 lockdown and the tobacco product ban in South Africa. Pretoria, South Africa, The impact of COVID-19 on the WHO FCTC, cessation, and labels in France during COVID-19, The future of sustainability in the context of COVID-19, Tobacco and COVID-19: Understanding the science and policy S Afr Med J. Never before have smokers had this kind of opportunity to quit. Nigeria had banned entry to citizens of 13 countries who have all reported more than 1000 cases, including the US, UK, Italy, Spain, Germany, Norway and the Netherlands. Governments should recognise this and accept that smokers need help to quit. What countries have banned alcohol during lockdown? Banning alcohol during lockdown has happened in some places across the globe including the capital of Greenland, Nuuk, Aisne in France and even South Africa. Letter to the ditor. BMC Public Health. It notes that. A country by country guide explaining who is allowed into each EU country and what they can do when they get there–many EU countries are imposing internal travel restrictions for residents. The association argued that Dlamini Zuma is not legally permitted to ban the sale of cigarettes during Level 4 of the lockdown. The company questions the government’s reasoning behind the tobacco ban based on their observations that countries such as the UK, Canada, France, Germany, and Italy, to name a few, have allowed the sale of tobacco products during lockdown. Brathwaite R, Addo J, Smeeth L, Lock K. A Systematic Review of Tobacco Smoking Prevalence and Description of Tobacco Control Strategies in Sub-Saharan African Countries; 2007 to 2014. India and Botswana have also banned the sale of tobacco products, and several other countries are considering following suit, according to the … “It is surprising that South Africa has taken a different stance with an ailing economy,” Mshibe says. Tobacco association fired-up over cigarette ban Wednesday 22 April 2020 - 2:37pm A tobacco association is planning to go to court to challenge the ban on cigarette sales during … Along with the measures to ban tobacco imports and sales, governments have the opportunity to provide smokers with treatments to help them. Amid the coronavirus outbreak, countries across the world have relied on complete or partial lockdowns as a mitigative step to control the spread of infection. 2005;111(20):2684-2698. doi:10.1161/circulationaha.104.492215. Banning alcohol during lockdown has happened in some places across the globe including the capital of Greenland, Nuuk, Aisne in France and even South Africa. For Botswana the day is particularly poignant. Dear Editor, South Africa (SA) imposed a 21-day lockdown from 26 March to 16 April 2020, through the disaster management Act (57/2002) and amended regulations [Section 27(2)]1, to contain the spread of the coronavirus in the country. Recently there has been an upsurge in advertisements, especially banners posted by tobacco companies or individuals that boldly advertise and promote tobacco products in the face of COVID-19. The justifications behind the bans should be used in other countries to encourage smokers to quit. On World No Tobacco Day, they tell us how the past couple of months have made a difference Experts have predicted that the South African economy is in for a bumpy ride and may shrink as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic9 and the associated measures that have been taken to protect citizens during this time. Coronavirus: Which countries have banned alcohol during lockdown? Associate Professor, University of Botswana. COVID-19 does not stop good practice in smoking cessation: Safe use of CO analyzer for smokers in the Covid era, Boosting the Tobacco Control Vaccine: recognizing the role of the retail environment in addressing tobacco use and disparities, Tobacco and e-cigarette shops awarded ‘essential business’ South Africa’s COVID-19 lockdown: cigarettes and outdoor exercise could ease the tension. SA has one of the highest prevalence of tobacco product use in Africa5 and presently has the highest number of COVID-19 cases in the continent, putting the country at risk of being hard hit by the COVID-19 pandemic if nothing is done to curb the spread of the virus and protect vulnerable citizens. The motivation to ban the sales of tobacco and tobacco related products in Botswana was informed by scientific evidence that smoking damages human lungs and other body organs. This should includes counselling and nicotine replacement therapies. Tobacco Induced Diseases. The ban on the sale of tobacco products and any calls by governments for smokers to quit during the COVID-19 pandemic need to be accompanied by initiatives that aid smokers in this course of action. Since the start of the coronavirus pandemic, the world has seen lockdowns in many countries. There are also concerns about the implications on mental health when people are forced to give up their addictions during the lockdown10. Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none was reported. On Saturday, 21 March, it took the measure further by closing its airports to all international travel for one month. Interventions it recommends include toll-free quit lines, mobile text-messaging cessation programmes, nicotine replacement therapies and other approved medications. For Botswana the day is particularly poignant. During the lockdown only essential goods have been allowed on sale2. Tobacco and nicotine products were designated as non-essential goods and their sales prohibited. "We need that money for the health system. In more than 28 countries, tobacco and e-cigarette companies have used social media and other marketing tactics to launch pandemic-themed promotions, undermine minimum age purchase restrictions meant to protect youth and make unproven and illegal health claims. National Department of Health (NDoH), Statistics South Africa (Stats SA), South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC), ICF. A sign assures people that the bar is open during the coronavirus outbreak, outside a pub in Stockholm, Sweden. smoking: Implications for smoking cessation, International Society for the Prevention of Tobacco Induced Diseases. Tob Induc Dis. To the best of my knowledge Botswana and neighbouring South Africa are the only countries to have done so. Some of these are to help reduce violence against children, while South Africa have also banned smoking. Council, Pretoria, South Africa, Department of Public Copyright © 2010–2020, The Conversation US, Inc. Christian Ohde/McPhoto/ullstein bild via Getty Images, 27% of males and 9% of females currently use tobacco. The Democratic Alliance says the ban of tobacco doesn't make sense during level three of the lockdown. South Africa’s tobacco industry has warned that the national lockdown regulations banning the sale of cigarettes could turn the country’s 11-million smokers into criminals. Covid-19. This is a list of smoking bans by country.Smoking bans are public policies, including criminal laws and occupational safety and health regulations, which prohibit tobacco smoking in workplaces and/or other public spaces.Legislation may also, in some cases, restrict the carrying or possessing of any lit tobacco … Governments in both countries have faced a massive backlash, with smokers expressing their unhappiness. smoking is associated with increased severity of disease and death in hospitalised COVID-19 patients. Cigarette smoking affects both smokers and those exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS)8. COVID-19 lockdown and the tobacco product ban in South doi:10.18332/tid/119324. Egbe CO, Londani M, Parry CD, et al. Disaster Management Act: Regulations to address, prevent and combat the spread of Coronavirus COVID-19: Amendment. Africa. About 22% of South Africans aged ≥15 years use various tobacco products3. A second reason to support the ban on the sale of tobacco products is related to the health impact of Covid-19 and the disease progression and impact on treatment seen in smokers in other countries. In addition, resources to help tobacco users quit, or assist them to cope with withdrawals, should be made available and accessible. The country has banned imports and sales of tobacco or tobacco-related products along with other emergency regulations during the … Circulation. Section 13 of the act bans the advertisement of tobacco products by the tobacco industry. South Africa Demographic and Health Survey 2016. Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed. The WHO advises governments to support users wanting to quit. Additionally, and in line with the ideals of the 2020 World No Tobacco Day, the government of Botswana must strictly enforce the provisions of its Control of Smoking Act. In recent months, the industry has stooped to new lows to target youth by exploiting the pandemic to sell more products. The capital of Greenland, Nuuk, has banned the sales of alcohol, in an attempt to reduce violence against children, which authorities feared may increase during the lockdown. A systematic review of five Chinese studies published in Tobacco Induced Diseases, found that the odds of a COVID-19 case becoming more severe and leading to death are higher among people with a history of smoking4. South Africa (SA) imposed a 21-day lockdown from 26 March to 16 April 2020, through the disaster management Act (57/2002) and amended regulations [Section 27(2)]1, to contain the spread of the coronavirus in the country. Last month, Saudi Arabia banned smokingin government spaces and several public places, including supermarkets, coffee shops and restaurants and prohibits selling tobacco to … 2020;18(March). The prohibition and the response have attracted global headlines. The imminent easing of lockdown rules in South Africa may bring no respite for smokers who’ve been contending with a tobacco sales ban for almost two months. The ban on cigarette sales, which came in on 27 March, has been lifted South Africa has announced an easing of some lockdown restrictions beginning next month, citing economic concerns. For many, the COVID-19 lockdown has been a good push to quit smoking. South Africa’s lockdown rules started with high legitimacy. Barnoya J, Glantz SA. Reuters Photo. Bontle Mbongwe does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. But it has been eroded and has now dissolved. 2015;10(7). Pretoria, South Africa, and Rockville, Maryland, USA: NDoH, Stats SA, SAMRC, and ICF; 2019. BusinessTech. The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Vardavas CI, Nikitara K. COVID-19 and smoking: A systematic review of the evidence. 1,845 confirmed coronavirus cases in South Africa, with deaths up to 18. Drug Research Unit, South There was no source of funding for this research. Such strategies will counter the tobacco industry’s strategies to negate government tobacco control efforts. In late March, in the midst of the coronavirus outbreak, the South African government banned the sale of tobacco and alcohol as part of a broad … The government must facilitate quitting by providing smoking cessation programmes. Bhutan and Turkmenistan (I don’t know either, refer to Google Maps) have had a go, but the nearest to a total smoking ban in any major country in the twentieth century was one we all know. Githahu M. Coronavirus: Economists say SA economy is in for a rough ride. Tobacco use and nicotine dependence among people living with HIV who drink heavily in South Africa: a cross-sectional baseline study. Since the start of June, the country has moved to a level 3 lockdown, which has opened up the economy and allowed millions of … Write an article and join a growing community of more than 118,600 academics and researchers from 3,811 institutions. tobacco policy. Just in: Sale of cigarettes still banned during Level 4 lockdown Having said that the sale of cigarettes would be permitted in Level 4, government have decided to maintain the ban. The ban… A survey done in South Africa of how smokers are coping with the ban on cigarette sales during lockdown confirms how difficult it is for smokers once they are caught in addiction. Botswana needs to jump on to this opportunity. 2020;110(5):339-340. doi:10.7196/SAMJ.2020.v110i5.14739. South African Government. These figures are higher than the rest of the continent, where about 14% of men and 2% of women smoke. South Africa’s lockdown began March 27, and the country banned the sale of cigarettes and cooked food. "Indications are that the ban on the sale of tobacco products will be extended beyond Level 4 of lockdown and into Level 1," he warned. African Medical Research According to the estimates by the World Health Organisation (WHO), Africa is one of two regions – along with the Eastern Mediterranean region – where smoking rates are on the rise. Botswana has a very high smoking rate of 18% – 27% of males and 9% of females currently use tobacco. Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma has finally explained in detail why the sale of tobacco products was banned during the lockdown. Another motivation has been the actions of tobacco companies. As COVID-19 is primarily a disease affecting the respiratory system, smokers are therefore more vulnerable. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0132401. The 2020 World No Tobacco Day is unique and historic as it comes at the time when countries across the world are on lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 1. It is understandable that tobacco and nicotine product users will be dealing with the mental stress of restricted movements in addition to giving up their addictions, but of more importance is that they become aware that the lockdown ban provides a good opportunity to quit tobacco use. Health Sciences University, Health, Sefako Makgatho The co-use of substances, especially by persons in vulnerable groups, could increase the risk of developing complications from COVID-19 if infected. Move to a district-based lockdown. implications, The Social and Environmental Implications of the Novel Coronavirus on Institutional and Community Corrections in South Africa, Alcohol, Tobacco and Other 2020; Nkonki L, Fonn S. Decisive and strong leadership and intersectoral action from South Africa in response to the COVID-19 virus. PloS One. Catherine O. Egbe1,2, Senamile P. Ngobese1. During the lockdown ban, family members and neighbors in apartment complexes who share the same space with tobacco users will also be protected from exposure to SHS since people are not expected to go outside their building to smoke during the lockdown. The double-edged relationship between COVID-19 stress and Dear Editor, South Africa (SA) imposed a 21-day lockdown from 26 March to 16 April 2020, through the disaster management Act (57/2002) and amended regulations [Section 27(2)] 1, to contain the spread of the coronavirus in the country.During the lockdown only essential goods have been allowed on sale 2.Tobacco and nicotine products were designated as non-essential goods and their sales prohibited. The WHO’s recommendation based on the review is that given the well-established harm associated with tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure, “tobacco users stop using tobacco”. These actions disregard existing law prohibiting the advertising and promotion of tobacco products in Botswana. As of 8 April 2020, SA had conducted 63776 COVID-19 tests, had 1845 confirmed cases and 18 resulting deaths6. Smart BTH, Broadbent A. Some of these are to help reduce violence against children, while South Africa has also banned smoking. 2019;19(1):1684. doi:10.1186/s12889-019-8047-8. On account of the devastating impact of smoking on COVID-19, the WHO has put out a scientific brief based on a review of 32 studies. The National Council Against Smoking’s quitline (011 720 3145), online materials (https://www.againstsmoking.co.za/) and the Cancer Association of South Africa’s online quit tobacco program (https://www.ekickbutt.org.za/) are some good resources accessible to tobacco users to help them quit. Countries should take their lead from the global health body. 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