The genus name is derived from the Greek γέρανος (géranos) or γερανός (geranós) ‘crane’. For exhibition should be grown in a pot not exceeding ​. Scented-leafed pelargoniums can be used to flavor jellies, cakes, butters, ice cream, iced tea and other dishes, The rose-, lemon- and peppermint-scents are most commonly used. [1][2][3] The species Geranium viscosissimum (sticky geranium) is considered to be protocarnivorous. The Plant List includes a further 378 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Geranium.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. (vi) Stellar varieties – A relatively modern genetic hybrid originating from the work done by the Australian hybridiser Ted Both in the late 1950s and 1960s from crosses between Australian species and Zonal types. and two other reputedly toxic plant species to Japanese beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)", Geraniums and Begonias: New Research on Old Garden Favorites, "Rare excitatory amino acid from flowers of zonal geranium responsible for paralyzing the Japanese beetle", "Gardening - Gardening Guides - Techniques - Taking pelargonium cuttings", "Connections, Legacies, and Contributions:Liberty Hyde Bailey, Jr", Appendix 2: Horticultural Classification and Glossary, International Register of Pelargonium Cultivars, Hutchinson Farm: Rocky Mountain Geraniums, The University of Tennessee Gardens: Pelargonium x hortorum Rocky Mountain™ 'Dark Red', "Pelargonium fulgidum hybrid - Scarlet Unique Geranium", "Pelargoniums - An Herb Society of America Fact Sheet", "Pelargonium sidoides (African geranium)", "The Colouring Matter of the Scarlet Pelargonium", "Mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA-based phylogeny of Pelargonium (Geraniaceae)", "Phylogeny of Pelargonium (Geraniaceae) based on DNA sequences from three genomes", "Phylogenetics, character evolution and a subgeneric revision of the genus Pelargonium (Geraniaceae)", "Notes on the nomenclature of Pelargonium Geraniaceae", "International Society for Horticultural Science", Pelargoniums. Some of the more commonly grown species include: All the above species are perennials and generally winter-hardy plants, grown for their attractive flowers and foliage. In the 1970s the British Pelargonium and Geranium Society produced a checklist and the Australian Geranium Society started to produce a register but it was not completed till its author, Jean Llewellyn's death in 1999. there would be two subgenera, based on clades A+B, and C respectively and seven sections based on subclades. [80] P. sidoides along with Echinacea is used for bronchitis. The name Pelargonium is derived from the Greek πελαργός, pelargós (stork), because the seed head looks like a stork's beak. 3 (1993), pp. Geranium Essential Oil is astringent, and it can also be helpful with hemorrhoids and varicose veins. [49] Unique pelargoniums resemble upright Scented Leaf pelargoniums in being shrubby and woody evergreens. Hybrid zonals are crosses between zonals and either a species or species-derived pelargonium. 'Rocky Mountain Orange', 'White', 'Dark Red', etc.[55]. Pratia. Conversely, it also attracts other insect life to visit the bloom and pollinate the plant. The scent of some species growing in their natural habitat, acts as a deterrent to grazing animals who appear to dislike the emitted scent. Scientific Name: Pelargonium sp. What does herb-robert look like? Many make excellent garden plants and many hybrids have been made. Further, many cultivars and varieties exist, many with similar variety names to other species. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. Habitat: broadleaf woodland, grassland, heathland and moorland. (iv) Micro-miniature plants – Smaller and more slowly growing than miniature pelargoniums. We'll show you how in the next section. Aromatically, Geranium Essential Oil is one that may take some getting used to. One theory being a derivation from P. fulgidum, but a derivation from an older cultivar 'Old Unique’, also known as or ‘Rollinson’s Crimson’, in the mid-19th century is also claimed. More on The Geranium Family (Geraniaceae) & the Genus Pelargonium. (b) Semi-double flowered (SD) – each flower pip normally having between six and nine petals. Often called "pansy-faced" in the US. Species in the genus Geranium have a distinctive mechanism for seed dispersal. Genus name comes from the Greek word geranos meaning crane in reference to the fruit which purportedly resembles the head and beak of a crane. [81] P. odoratissimum is used for its astringent, tonic and antiseptic effects. These hybrisers have managed to obtain many new flower colour breaks and tighter growth habits resulting in plants suitable for all sorts of situations. Many make excellent garden plants and many hybrids have been made. Geranium maculatum is a clump-forming, Missouri native, woodland perennial which typically occurs in woods, thickets and shaded roadside areas throughout the State. A number of geranium species are cultivated for horticultural use and for pharmaceutical products. Fact Sheet . Geraniums are among the most popular of bedding and greenhouse plants. [49], In addition to the primary groups, additional descriptors are used. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Two species in East Africa and Ethiopia. The scented leaves can be used for potpourri and they also have a use as flavourings in cooking. (a) Single flowered (S) – each flower pip normally having no more than five petals. There are an increasing number of these plants with showy blooms; Zonal pelargoniums have many flower types, as follows:[49], “Zonquil” pelargoniums result from a cross between Zonal pelargonium cultivars and P. Many make excellent garden plants and many hybrids have been made. (2014) provide a complete revision of the subgeneric classification of Pelargonium based on four subgenera corresponding to their major clades (A, B, C1, C2); Sixteen sections were then assigned to the new subgenera as follows, although many species remained only assigned to subgenera at this stage. The shape of the flowers offers one way of distinguishing between the two genera Geranium and Pelargonium. (i) Gold Tricolour – Leaves of many colours including red and gold, but usually with clearly defined edges of golden yellow and having a leaf zone, usually red or bronze, that overlays two or more of the other distinct leaf colours, so that the zone itself appears as two or more distinct colours. Some types, popularly known in the hobby as hybrid Uniques, have been crossed with Regal pelargoniums and, as a result of this cross, are much more floriferous. [7]The name was then formally introduced by Johannes Burman in 1738. (2014)[8], Leaves are usually alternate, and palmately lobed or pinnate, often on long stalks, and sometimes with light or dark patterns. Dillenius originally suggested the name 'stork', because Geranium was named after a crane — "a πελαργός, ciconia, sicuti vocamus Gerania, γερανός, grus" (as pelargos, stork, as we call the Gerania, geranos, crane). The Plant List includes 1,216 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Geranium.Of these 411 are accepted species names. Scientific Name of Geranium? 'Azure Rush' is a naturally-occurring sport of a … These were Species, Zonals, Variegated-Leaved, Domesticum (Regals), Ivy-Leaved, Scented-Leaved and Old. These tropical perennials from South Africa are usually grown as annuals, though it is possible to overwinter them in very warm climates. Plant Family. Johnson' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Dilys' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Mavis Simpson' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Orion' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium ROZANNE= 'Gerwat' PBR AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Results / RHS Gardening", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geranium&oldid=991749701, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 17:02. 30: 33. Southern Africa contains 90% of the genus, with only about 30 species found elsewhere, predominantly the East African rift valley (about 20 species) and southern Australia, including Tasmania. Learn more here. The large cup shaped petals open just sufficiently to resemble a miniature tulip. These have smaller flowers than Regal, but are otherwise similar. Pelargonium graveolens is also known by taxonomic synonyms Geranium terebinthinaceum Cav. Linnaeus originally included all the species in one genus, Geranium, but they were later separated into two genera by Charles L’Héritier in 1789. Genus name comes from the Greek word geranos meaning crane in reference to the fruit which purportedly resembles the head and beak of a crane. Winter rainfall region of South Africa and adjacent Namibia, spreading to summer rainfall area, and two species in tropical Africa. [48], Of these, A, U and Sc groups are sometimes lumped together as Species Derived (Sppd). As a result, Polyactium has been split up to provide this new section, which in itself contains two subsections, Magnistipulacea and Schizopetala, following Knuth's original treatment of Polyactium as having four subsections.[8]. I have to write an analysis paper and i don't have time to find the scientific name of "geranium" Source(s): scientific geranium: https://biturl.im/LYvoZ Growth habit is very variable, but the flowers are less prominent than other groups, and most closely resemble the species they originated from.[49]. It is an attractive plant all season, in or out of bloom. Mainly South Africa, but also other southern hemisphere except South America. The Geraniaceae have a number of genetic features unique amongst angiosperms, including highly rearranged plastid genomes differing in gene content, order and expansion of the inverted repeat. Linnaeus originally included all the species in one genus, Geranium, but they were later separated into two genera by Charles L’Héritier in 1789. The botanical name of geranium is Pelargonium graveolens. They may have bicolour foliage. Hybrid Ivy — the result of ivy × zonal crosses, but still more closely resemble ivy-leaved pelargoniums. 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